Aerobic granules under light microscopy (a) and CLSM-FISH (b, c)
Methanogenic terephthalate-degrading thermophilic community SEM image - Chen et al., 2004. Microbiology SGM, 150 3429-3440.
Kineosphaera limosa Lpha5 SEM and TEM images - Liu et al., 2002. IJSEM, 52 1845-1849.
Canis lupus familiaris strain Haruki / Gizzard Shad illustration - by Duane Raver, gifted to Wen-Tso




News & Recent Publications

A peek into the genome of an obligate symbiotic bacterium sheds light on biodegradation of petrochemicals and novel energy conservation mechanisms:

Petrochemical biodegradation is essential for remediating environmental pollution and treating industrial wastewater. In these environments, "syntrophs" (meaning eat together) symbiotically interact with "methanogenic" archaea to overcome this energetic hurdle and convert such chemicals ultimately produce methane, a harvestable and sustainable energy source. We dive into the first genome of an obligate syntroph, Syntrophorhabdus aromaticivorans strain UI, and gain new insights into petrochemical degradation pathways and energy-conservation mechanisms supporting conversion of pollutants to methane.

The genome of Syntrophorhabdus aromaticivorans strain UI provides new insights for syntrophic aromatic compound metabolism and electron flow
Nobu et. al, 2014. Environmental Microbiology.

The first genome of a glycogen-accumulating Defluviicoccus reveals insight into EBPR competition:

In enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR), we use phosphate-accumulating organisms (PAO) (e.g., Accumulibacter) to remove phosphorus from wastewater and prevent nutrient-induced damage of natural environments. But, antagonistic glycogen-accumulating organisms GAO can outcompete these PAO and ruin the process! We reveal new insights into metabolic differences between GAO and PAO to help uncover how these organisms battle in situ!

Metagenomic characterization of 'Candidatus Defluviicoccus tetraformis strain TFO71,' a tetrad-forming organism, predominant in an anaerobic-aerobic membrane bioreactor with deteriorated biological phosphorus removal.
Nobu et. al, 2014. Environmental Microbiology.

Microbes in fish gut offer key to Asian carp control:

This UIUC and USGS collaborative study reveals the similarities and differences in gut microbiota composition between native and invasive species of carp. Notably, we found that the gizzard shad guts harbor microbial communities much more diverse that that of silver carp! Perhaps they have a more complicated digestion process?
Fish gut microbiota analysis differentiates physiology and behavior of invasive Asian carp
and indigenous American fish.

Ye et. al, 2013. The ISME Journal.

Genome sequencing work illuminates microbial dark matter:

Microbial ecologists and bioinformaticians gather to pursue the genomes of uncharted bacterial and archaeal phyla, 'microbial dark matter'. Using state-of-the-art cell-sorting and sequencing technology, we reveal new insight into microbial phylogeny and increase the Prokaryotic genome database by 10%!

Insights into the phylogeny and coding potential of microbial dark matter.
Rinke et. al, 2013. Nature 499, 431-437.