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Tim Berners-Lee and the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee is a computer scientist well-known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He graduated from the Queen's College at Oxford University, England, 1976. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee introduced a global hypertext project, to be known as the World Wide Web. He proposed this while working at at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. This project was based on helping people work conjunctly by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. Tim Burners-Lee wrote the first World Wide Web server called "httpd". In addition the first client called "World Wide Web". Although, this work was started in October 1990, the program of which was called "World Wide Web" was first made available within CERN in December, and later introduced on the Internet in the summer of 1991. Tim continued working on the design of the Web through 1991 and 1993, obtaining and coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. According to w3.org, "his initial specifications of URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology spread. He initially wrote his first program for storing information including using random associations. Named "Enquire" and never published, this program formed the conceptual basis for the future development of the World Wide Web" ("Longer Biography." ).

The World Wide Web, usually shortened as WWW, is found everywhere that it seems strange to think that it has only been around for just a few years. The use of the World Wide Web became widespread in the mid 1990's, but its actual beginnings can be traced way back to 1980. Enquire, which Tim Berners-Lee called a "memory substitute," was for his personal use to help him remember connections between various researchers and current projects at the lab. This tool was very helpful since CERN is a large international organization involving a multitude of researchers from around the world ("Tim Berners-Lee." ). Researchers at CERN often share ideas and research information. If they wanted to share these ideas and research information in a document they had to organize and format them so that they would be compatible with the main CERN computing system. This sharing method was a problem because CERN incorporated researches who wanted to share their work, but they were located around the world and used many different kinds of computers and software. Many researchers were not pleased with this process and sometimes they were, in fact, unwilling to take the extra effort to make their work conform to the CERN system. Tim Berners-Lee thought, " it would be so much easier if everybody asking me questions all the time could just read my database, and it would be so much nicer if I could find out what these guys are doing by jumping into a similar database of information for them" (Wright, 66). He thereby decided that a much more simple system with simple rules that would be acceptable to all researches was needed. This new system would, indeed, need to be easy and decentralized so that anyone located anywhere could easily share information without having to go to a centralized authority ("Tim Berners-Lee." ).

Tim Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his incredible work in 2004. He was elected a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences in April 2009. In addition, he was honored as the "Inventor of the World Wide Web" in a section of the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony ("Wikipedia- Tim Berners-Lee." ).


Wright, R.. "The Man Who Invented the Web: Tim Berners-Lee Started a Revolution, But it Didn't Go Exactly as Planned."
Time, May 19, 1997. (64-69).

"Tim Berners-Lee." Tim Berners-Lee. N.p., n.d. Web.
29 Sept. 2012. http://www.ibiblio.org/pioneers/lee.html .

"Longer Biography." Longer Bio for Tim Berners-Lee. N.p., n.d. Web.
29 Sept. 2012. http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/Longer.html.

"Wikipedia- Tim Berners-Lee." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Sept. 2012. Web.
29 Sept. 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Berners-Lee.