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Copyright for the New Millennium

According to WIPO, World Intellectual Property Organization, Copyright "relates to artistic creations, such as books, music, paintings and sculptures, films and technology-based works such as computer programs and electronic databases. In most European languages other than English, copyright is known as author's rights. The expression copyright refers to the main act which, in respect of literary and artistic creations, may be made only by the author or with his authorization. That act is the making of copies of the work. The expression author's rights refer to the creator of the artistic work, its author. It thus underlines the fact, recognized in most laws, that the author has certain specific rights in his creation which only he can exercise (such as the right to prevent a distorted reproduction). Other rights (such as the right to make copies) can be exercised by other persons, for example, a publisher who has obtained a license from the author" ("Understanding Copyright and Related Rights.").

President Clinton signed The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) on October 28, 1998. This legislation implements two 1996 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) treaties of which are WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty. In addition, to this The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) also addresses a number of other significant copyright-related issues. "The DMCA is divided into five titles:

  • Title I, the "WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act of 1998," implements the WIPO treaties.
  • Title II, the "Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act," creates limitations on the liability of online service providers for copyright infringement when engaging in certain types of activities.
  • Title III, the "Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance Act," creates an exemption for making a copy of a computer program by activating a computer for purposes of maintenance or repair.
  • Title IV contains six miscellaneous provisions, relating to the functions of the Copyright Office, distance education, the exceptions in the Copyright Act for libraries and for making ephemeral recordings, "webcasting" of sound recordings on the Internet, and the applicability of collective bargaining agreement obligations in the case of transfers of rights in motion pictures.
  • Title V, the "Vessel Hull Design Protection Act," creates a new form of protection for the design of vessel hulls." ("Bill Text - 105th Congress (1997-1998)").

As technological innovation continue to improve the world in all works of life, it seems very reasonable to improve and maintain good copyright treaties, as copyright has been shown to encourage such technological innovation while keeping individual and corporations' intellectual properties. In addition, an example of a company's intellectual property is when I was about to exit my internship of which I had to sign a "Trade Secret Acknowledgement Form" of which asked me if I have acquired knowledge or had access to trade secrets and proprietary information of the company, and if so, I should check them or note them on the form. Furthermore, before employment I had to sign an Employee Agreement Form that also mentioned something very similar to the "Trade Secret Acknowledgement Form".


"Bill Text - 105th Congress (1997-1998) - THOMAS (Library of Congress)." Bill Text - 105th Congress (1997-1998) - THOMAS (Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web.
04 Nov. 2012.http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c105:./temp/~c105d9g1Qp.

"Understanding Copyright and Related Rights." Understanding Copyright and Related Rights. N.p., n.d. Web.
. 04 Nov. 2012.http://www.wipo.int/freepublications/en/intproperty/909/wipo_pub_909.html.